Hip replacement surgery, also known as total hip replacement or arthroplasty, can help relieve pain and restore function in a severely damaged hip joint. During the procedure, the damaged bone, femoral head, gets removed and the damaged bone and cartilage from the head joint are scraped away using a tool called Reamer. The damaged areas are then replaced by a prosthesis.
There are several conditions that can damage the hip joint, among which we find the following:
Rheumatoid arthritis: Inflammation of the synovial lining of the joint, which causes extra synovial fluid
Osteonecrosis: Lack of blood supplied to the ball portion of the hip joint. The bone could end up deformed
Osteoarthritis: Due to the degeneration of the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones, commonly known as wear and tear
Traumatic arthritis: Caused by an injury
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